Governance frameworks for REDD+

International Institute for Environment and Development
University of Twente/CIGA-UNAM/WOTRO project
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
Transparency International;

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

[Stand No. 01]

Maryanne Grieg-Gran is a principal researcher in the Sustainable Markets Group of IIED in London, UK.  She has over 30 years' experience in the economics of environment and development, and leads IIED's work on the economics of ecosystem services. Before joining IIED in 1994, she worked as a government economist in Mexico and Papua New Guinea for a total of eight years and also worked for a major environmental consultancy.  Her current work includes coordination of a collaborative project with researchers from Norway, Brazil, Vietnam, Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda, on poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture.

Presentation Summary

The presentation will focus on the design of equitable REDD+ governance frameworks at national and local levels and their implications for the development impacts of REDD+.  It will examine how and to what extent REDD+ governance can go beyond 'do no harm' safeguards to promote livelihood improvement for all types of forest-dependent communities.  Particular consideration will be given to the interplay between the bottom-up approaches of REDD+ pilot projects and the national approaches to REDD+ that are increasingly favoured.  Options for design of a benefit distribution system will be explored, taking account of lessons from the local level.

We will draw on research by IIED and UMB and partners in Brazil, Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda and Vietnam on poverty reduction and sustainable development implications of REDD architecture and on gender issues in REDD+.  Some of our research partners from these countries will play a major role in presenting their findings and experience.

Key questions:

  • How and to what extent can REDD+ governance be designed to go beyond 'do no harm' so that it constitutes an important means of improving the lives of the poor?
  • What contribution can bottom-up approaches to REDD+ make in ensuring equitable distribution of the costs and benefits of REDD+?
  • How can REDD+ governance promote gender equity?

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University of Twente/CIGA-UNAM/WOTRO project

[Stand No. 02]

Dr Margaret Skutsch has worked with the University of Twente since 1982. By discipline a geographer, her research focuses particularly on community forest management in developing countries. She has spent extended periods in Africa and Asia (Tanzania, Sri Lanka) and currently works in Mexico. Currently, she is PI for the WOTRO project ´Linking Local Action to Global in the Tropical Dry Forests of Mexico´, which is investigating payments for environmental services, among other related projects.

Presentation Summary

Options for benefit distribution in national REDD+ programmes

REDD is predicated on performance payments (per tonne CO2) but this may not be the most equitable or efficient way of incentivising local communities and landowners, and carbon performance may be difficult to assess from a technical point of view.  In particular, achievements in reducing deforestation are extremely difficult to measure at the level of the individual management unit, as they are counterfactual. A range of options for benefit distribution within national REDD frameworks will be discussed, with pros and cons. 

Key questions:

  • What is more equitable at the local level: performance-based payments (per tonne CO2) or flat rate payments for verified changes in management of forest?
  • Can reduced deforestation be measured at the level of the individual forest management unit?
  • What is the difference between rights to carbon credits and rights to the financial benefits derived from carbon services delivered; and to what elements in REDD+ should these be applied?


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International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

[Stand No. 03]

Dr Madhav Karki has been working as the Deputy Director General at ICIMOD since 2005. In recent years, he has been focusing on integrating natural resources with broader environmental and economic issues, incorporating concepts of carbon forestry, organic production, sustainable development and ecosystem services. He is currently looking after the strategic planning and partnership development to link research to policy using knowledge management and strategic dialogue as tools. During the last few years, he has been actively contributing to climate change and sustainable development topics, having led the Asia Pacific team that organised major events at the COP17 at Durban and Rio+20 in Brazil.

Presentation Summary

Good forest governance framework works best if we take multi-stakeholder approaches applied at different levels and scales according to local contexts, issues and specificities. The aim is to improve synergy and strike a balance between social, ecological and economic pillars through long-term adaptation and resilience-building plans and programmes. Improving local livelihoods and strengthening local institutions will be necessary prerequisites. In REDD+ governance, sensitising, empowering and enabling local communities to secure tenure to forest resources, including carbon and equitable sharing of benefits from the managed forests, are critical elements. This can be achieved by strengthening relevant local institutions and supporting CBOs and local government entities through technical capacity building, appropriate policy incentives, continuous infusion and assimilation of knowledge, sharing of good practices from other areas and promoting public–private–civil society partnerships. Therefore the roadmap to good REDD+ governance is through community-based forest management – itself a roadmap to sustainable forest management.

Key questions: 

  • Apart from monetary benefits, what non-monetary and/or other benefits can be identified and harnessed/enabled that can act as incentives to local community to conserve carbon and forest as a whole through good REDD+ governance?
  • How can REDD+ communities be empowered and a two-way communication ensured between them and policy makers/decision makers/governments? Can the local government entities be their allies? If yes, what are the pitfalls and opportunities?
  • Can a mix of economic, marketing and institutional policy instruments provide better incentives to REDD+ communities and lead to good forest management and REDD+ governance?


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Transparency International (TI)

[Stand No. 04]

Ms Claire Martin joined Transparency International in January 2011, working to address corruption in REDD+. Claire now leads on TI's Climate Governance Integrity Programme research and capacity building. Prior to joining TI, Claire spent two years working with UNDP Timor-Leste on its Climate Change portfolio, particularly on its NAPA process, as well as four years working on agriculture and rural development for an Irish-based NGO. She has a degree in Law and German from Trinity College Dublin and a Masters in Development Studies from University College Dublin.

Presentation Summary

As follow up to last year's discussion of Transparency International's Manual for Assessing Integrity in REDD+ and forest carbon projects, we would like to share experiences in utilising the manual from Indonesia, PNG and Vietnam. This discussion will be relevant for civil society, private sector and government stakeholders with an interest in REDD+ governance. It will include the results of the research already conducted in the three countries, as well as discussion on the methodology and lessons learned through implementing such a study in three very different national contexts.

We will also share the results of our scoping of best practices for REDD+ governance, thereby stimulating discussion with relevant stakeholders on practical solutions to be implemented at all levels to shore up the accountability, transparency and integrity of REDD+ governance. TI national chapter representatives from Bangladesh and Indonesia will also provide input.

Key questions:

  • What practical solutions can be implemented at the international, national and local levels to ensure good governance of REDD+ projects?
  • What are the key corruption risks associated with the governance of REDD+ at the national level?
  • How can civil society best engage to ensure that anti-corruption safeguards are implemented in REDD+ projects and national strategies?
  • What are the governance challenges and strengths of UN-REDD and FCPF?