Governance frameworks for REDD+

International Institute for Environment and Development
University of Twente/CIGA-UNAM/WOTRO project
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
Transparency International;

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

[Stand No. 01]

Maryanne Grieg-Gran is a principal researcher in the Sustainable Markets Group of IIED in London, UK.  She has over 30 years' experience in the economics of environment and development, and leads IIED's work on the economics of ecosystem services. Before joining IIED in 1994, she worked as a government economist in Mexico and Papua New Guinea for a total of eight years and also worked for a major environmental consultancy.  Her current work includes coordination of a collaborative project with researchers from Norway, Brazil, Vietnam, Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda, on poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture.

Presentation Summary

The presentation will focus on the design of equitable REDD+ governance frameworks at national and local levels and their implications for the development impacts of REDD+.  It will examine how and to what extent REDD+ governance can go beyond 'do no harm' safeguards to promote livelihood improvement for all types of forest-dependent communities.  Particular consideration will be given to the interplay between the bottom-up approaches of REDD+ pilot projects and the national approaches to REDD+ that are increasingly favoured.  Options for design of a benefit distribution system will be explored, taking account of lessons from the local level.

We will draw on research by IIED and UMB and partners in Brazil, Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda and Vietnam on poverty reduction and sustainable development implications of REDD architecture and on gender issues in REDD+.  Some of our research partners from these countries will play a major role in presenting their findings and experience.

Key questions:

  • How and to what extent can REDD+ governance be designed to go beyond 'do no harm' so that it constitutes an important means of improving the lives of the poor?
  • What contribution can bottom-up approaches to REDD+ make in ensuring equitable distribution of the costs and benefits of REDD+?
  • How can REDD+ governance promote gender equity?

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University of Twente/CIGA-UNAM/WOTRO project

[Stand No. 02]

Dr Margaret Skutsch has worked with the University of Twente since 1982. By discipline a geographer, her research focuses particularly on community forest management in developing countries. She has spent extended periods in Africa and Asia (Tanzania, Sri Lanka) and currently works in Mexico. Currently, she is PI for the WOTRO project ´Linking Local Action to Global in the Tropical Dry Forests of Mexico´, which is investigating payments for environmental services, among other related projects.

Presentation Summary

Options for benefit distribution in national REDD+ programmes

REDD is predicated on performance payments (per tonne CO2) but this may not be the most equitable or efficient way of incentivising local communities and landowners, and carbon performance may be difficult to assess from a technical point of view.  In particular, achievements in reducing deforestation are extremely difficult to measure at the level of the individual management unit, as they are counterfactual. A range of options for benefit distribution within national REDD frameworks will be discussed, with pros and cons. 

Key questions:

  • What is more equitable at the local level: performance-based payments (per tonne CO2) or flat rate payments for verified changes in management of forest?
  • Can reduced deforestation be measured at the level of the individual forest management unit?
  • What is the difference between rights to carbon credits and rights to the financial benefits derived from carbon services delivered; and to what elements in REDD+ should these be applied?


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International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

[Stand No. 03]

Dr Madhav Karki has been working as the Deputy Director General at ICIMOD since 2005. In recent years, he has been focusing on integrating natural resources with broader environmental and economic issues, incorporating concepts of carbon forestry, organic production, sustainable development and ecosystem services. He is currently looking after the strategic planning and partnership development to link research to policy using knowledge management and strategic dialogue as tools. During the last few years, he has been actively contributing to climate change and sustainable development topics, having led the Asia Pacific team that organised major events at the COP17 at Durban and Rio+20 in Brazil.

Presentation Summary

Good forest governance framework works best if we take multi-stakeholder approaches applied at different levels and scales according to local contexts, issues and specificities. The aim is to