Drivers of deforestation: Exploring regional differences and new patterns

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Parallel session 1: 11.00-12.30

World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

There are various drivers of deforestation in nature and these drivers interact at various levels and places in different ways. Also, these drivers are evolving in complex ways across landscapes and continents. Drivers of deforestation such as agriculture and the production of commodities, which can include soya fields, oil palm estates, timber harvesting and cattle-ranching, have evolved differently, thereby making it challenging to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, and the resultant emissions. This discussion forum explores what is known about the drivers of deforestation and what needs to be worked out in order to address them within REDD+ and other related UNFCCC mechanisms such as Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Case studies from Asia, Africa and Latin America will be used to highlight differences in the kinds of drivers of deforestation that exist between the regions. Specific attention will be given to the complex relationships between scale and drivers; options for individual countries to reduce emissions vis-à-vis emission displacement following from globally shifting patterns of supply and demand; and whole landscape approaches for balancing incentives for commodities and those for maintenance of natural forest assets and services.  

Tony Simons, Director General, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Keynote speaker
Heru Prasetyo, Member of the National REDD+ Task Force; Deputy I (Planning and International Relations),  President's Delivery Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight (UKP4)


  • Doug Boucher, Director, Climate Research and Analysis, Union of Concerned Scientists
  • Tasso Azevedo, Forest and Climate Change Consultant/Social Entrepreneur/Former Director General of the Brazilian Forest Service

Peter Minang, Global Alternatives to Slash-and-Burn Programme Coordinator, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Key questions

  • How do drivers of deforestation vary across scales and continents?
  • What generic designs of landscape approaches could best address complex interactions between multiple drivers as they manifest across continents, countries and landscapes?
  • How can global policy frameworks (within the UNFCCC and elsewhere) be shaped to enable equitable, effective and efficient actions that tackle drivers of deforestation at national and sub-national levels?

Peter A Minang

Background reading

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