Forests on a cultivated planet

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Parallel session 1: 11.00-12.30
Al-Areen Ballroom 2

CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)

Agricultural systems are degrading forests, land, water, biodiversity and climate on a global scale. Agriculture is regarded as the prime driver of deforestation. Business as usual in agriculture is not an option. On the other hand, actions cannot compromise food and nutritional security. The session keynote speaker will present new insights on the role of agriculture in transgressing planetary boundaries and present a synthesis of several initiatives to intensify agricultural production and raise soil carbon levels in forested landscapes. The panel members will demonstrate how agricultural intensification and forest conservation can be done at scale, but will question and offer answers as to whether 'business unusual' is being attained and whether REDD+ is achievable given the lack of focus on agriculture. The panel will conclude with their vision on the necessary conditions to achieve food security and forest conservation.

Michael Hailu, Director, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Keynote speaker
Deborah Bossio, Soils Research Area Director, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)


  • Andreas Tveteraas, Senior Adviser, Norway's International Climate and Forest Initiative
  • George Wamukoya, Climate Change Advisor for the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  • Rosana Higa, Researcher, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa)

Phil Franks, Coordinator, Poverty Environment and Climate Change Network for CARE International

Key questions

  • How can forest conservation and enhanced food security be achieved at scale?
  • Does intensification of agriculture really provide solutions?
  • Are the current views on how to ensure synergies between forest conservation and food security too much 'business as usual'?

Bruce Campbell

Background reading

  • Wollenberg E, Campbell BM, Holmgren P, Seymour F, Sibanda L, and von Braun J. 2011. Actions needed to halt deforestation and promote climate smart agriculture. CCAFS Policy Brief no. 4. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Copenhagen, Denmark. Available online at: www.ccafs.cgiar.org
  • Vermeulen, S.J., Campbell, B.M. and Ingram, J.S.I. 2012. Climate Change and Food Systems. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 37.


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